File extensions – definition and basic information


File extensions are the integral parts of the files that are on each computer. Often, when working on a computer, we encounter a wide range of files, such as docx, ppt, part, mp3 or rmvb. We realize that they are there – but we often do not know what they are for on our computer.

File extension, also known as the filename extension is a suffix added to the name of a computer file, usually consisting of a number of characters placed after the last dot in the filename, which gives us information about its coding. In other words a file extension is a file format. It allows the operating system (e.g. Windows) to recognize what program it should try to open the file.

In the table below you will find a random selection of popular file extensions.


File extension The full name of the file Category

BAT file extension

DOS Batch File

Executable Files

CGI file extension

Common Gateway Interface Script

Executable Files

CUR file extension

Windows Cursor

System Files

EXE file extension

Windows Executable File

Executable Files

INI file extension

Windows Initialization File

Settings Files

JAR file extension

Java Archive File

Executable Files

MDF file extension

Media Disc Image File

Disk Image Files

MIM file extension

Multi-Purpose Internet Mail Message File

Encoded Files

PL file extension

Perl Script

Developer Files

PLUGIN file extension

Mac OS X Plug-in

Plugin Files

PPTX file extension

PowerPoint Open XML Presentation

Data Files

RM file extension

Real Media File

Video Files

SWF file extension

Shockwave Flash Movie

Video Files

XLR file extension

Works Spreadsheet

Spreadsheet Files

7Z file extension

7-Zip Compressed File

Compressed Files